What Do Criminal Justice Professionals Think About Risk Assessment at Pretrial?

33 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2018

See all articles by Matthew DeMichele

Matthew DeMichele

RTI International

Peter Baumgartner

RTI International

Kelle Barrick

RTI International

Megan Comfort

RTI International; University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)

Samuel Scaggs

RTI International

Shilpi Misra

RTI International

Date Written: April 25, 2018

Abstract

Judicial decisions about whether to release or detain defendants are typically made quickly and include some level of input from other courtroom actors (i.e., prosecutors, defenders, and pretrial staff). There has recently been a push to provide more structure to pretrial decision-making by using risk assessment instruments. We describe findings from surveys with judges, prosecutors, defenders, and pretrial staff in 30 jurisdictions about their perceptions and use of risk assessments in making pretrial release decisions. We frame local jurisdictions as courtroom communities in which criminal justice actors share decision-making responsibilities and examine their perceptions of risk assessment. Their view and use of these tools is critical because there is substantial discretion in whether and how they implement recommendations. Findings suggest that there is both consistency and variability in how criminal justice professionals perceive and value risk assessments. This has important policy implications as a shared understanding of the utility of the tool may impact its value and the fidelity of its implementation. Although prior research has focused on judicial and prosecutorial discretion and decision-making at sentencing, this study highlights the need to deepen the conversation about pretrial risk assessment to all courtroom actors.

Suggested Citation

DeMichele, Matthew and Baumgartner, Peter and Barrick, Kelle and Comfort, Megan and Scaggs, Samuel and Misra, Shilpi, What Do Criminal Justice Professionals Think About Risk Assessment at Pretrial? (April 25, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3168490 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3168490

Matthew DeMichele (Contact Author)

RTI International ( email )

PO Box 12194
Research Triangle Park, 27709
United States

Peter Baumgartner

RTI International ( email )

PO Box 12194
Research Triangle Park, 27709
United States

Kelle Barrick

RTI International ( email )

PO Box 12194
Research Triangle Park, 27709
United States

Megan Comfort

RTI International

351 California St.
Ste. 500
San Francisco, CA 94104
United States
415-848-1375 (Phone)

University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) ( email )

Third Avenue and Parnassus
San Francisco, CA 94143
United States

Samuel Scaggs

RTI International ( email )

PO Box 12194
Research Triangle Park, 27709
United States

Shilpi Misra

RTI International ( email )

PO Box 12194
Research Triangle Park, 27709
United States

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