Ditching Our Innocence: The Clean Water Act in the Age of the Anthropocene

46 Pages Posted: 10 May 2018

See all articles by Rachael E. Salcido

Rachael E. Salcido

Pacific McGeorge School of Law

Karrigan Bork

UC Davis School of Law

Date Written: April 26, 2016


Humanity has entered the Age of the Anthropocene, a geologic era marked by the emergence of human activity as the single most dominant influence on Earth’s environment. Every ecosystem shows signs of anthropogenic influence, and the environments we experience everyday are often shaped almost entirely by human actions and decisions. The new discipline of reconciliation ecology recognizes this reality and suggests that we must manage the new habitats we create in order to protect species diversity and ecosystem services. But the 2015 rule defining the jurisdiction of the Clean Water Act explicitly excludes many manmade environments, including many artificial lakes, farm ponds, reflecting pools, and most ditches, treating these landscape features as faux nature somehow unworthy of protection. This treatment is a marked departure from past Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers practices, which allowed for consideration of such places on a case-by-case basis. This departure finds no support in the Supreme Court precedent leading up to the new rule and seems to be based entirely on a shortsighted view of these places as somehow unimportant to protecting the waters of the United States. Based on the law and science surrounding ditches, we conclude that such places merit protection under the Clean Water Act.

Keywords: Clean Water Act, Anthropocene, NPDES, Rapanos, WOTUS

Suggested Citation

Salcido, Rachael E. and Bork, Karrigan, Ditching Our Innocence: The Clean Water Act in the Age of the Anthropocene (April 26, 2016). Environmental Law, Vol. 46, No. 415, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3169322

Rachael E. Salcido

Pacific McGeorge School of Law ( email )

3200 Fifth Avenue
Sacramento, CA 95817
United States
916.739.7354 (Phone)

Karrigan Bork (Contact Author)

UC Davis School of Law ( email )

Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall
Davis, CA CA 95616-5201
United States
202-271-9392 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://law.ucdavis.edu/faculty/bork/

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