Genetically Modified Crops and Intellectual Property Law: Interpreting Indian Patents on Bt Cotton in View of the Socio-Political Background

8 (2) Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and E-Commerce Law (JIPITEC), 2017, 151-165

15 Pages Posted: 11 May 2018

See all articles by Lodewijk van Dycke

Lodewijk van Dycke

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)

Date Written: July 16, 2017

Abstract

In India, patents on Bt cotton have given rise to an unproductive controversy. This controversy has compromised the deliberative debate on the potential contribution of genetically modified crops to rural development. Notwithstanding the ongoing controversy, the article argues that the central demand of the campaign against patents on Bt cotton (the abolishment of patents on plants and plant parts) is actually not in contradiction with the practices of the Bt cotton industry (which mainly uses patents on the Bt technology). Furthermore, the Indian courts do have the legal possibility to interpret the Indian Patent Act in such a way that it prohibits the patenting of plants and plant parts. Such an interpretation could potentially help to appease the ongoing controversy and to foster a deliberative debate on genetically modified crops and rural development.

Keywords: Bt cotton; genetically modified crops; patents; intellectual property; India; deliberative democracy

JEL Classification: D23, D45, H 41, K11, L14, L 65, O13, O31, O32, O34

Suggested Citation

van Dycke, Lodewijk and Van Overwalle, Geertrui, Genetically Modified Crops and Intellectual Property Law: Interpreting Indian Patents on Bt Cotton in View of the Socio-Political Background (July 16, 2017). 8 (2) Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and E-Commerce Law (JIPITEC), 2017, 151-165. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3169958

Lodewijk Van Dycke (Contact Author)

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) ( email )

Sint-Michielsstraat 6 box 3443
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) ( email )

Sint-Michielsstraat 6 box 3443
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: https://www.law.kuleuven.be/citip/en/staff/00015469

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