The Impact of Language on Socioeconomic Integration of Immigrants

27 Pages Posted: 2 May 2018

See all articles by Aslan Zorlu

Aslan Zorlu

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS)

Joop Hartog

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB); Tinbergen Institute; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This study examines the causal effects of Dutch language proficiency of immigrants from four main source countries on their labour market and social integration outcomes. Language proficiency appears ranked according to linguistic distance to The Netherlands, a ranking that even holds for the gender gap in proficiency. We assess the effect of language proficiency on two objective indicators of integration (employment and income) and two subjective measures (feeling Dutch and feeling integrated). The analysis shows that endogeneity of language skills masks a substantial part of language effects. Once accounted for endogeneity, effects of Dutch language proficiency on social and economic integration of immigrants are more than double the estimates ignoring endogeneity.

Keywords: language skills, immigrants, integration, treatment effects

JEL Classification: J15

Suggested Citation

Zorlu, Aslan and Hartog, Joop, The Impact of Language on Socioeconomic Integration of Immigrants. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11485. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3170274

Aslan Zorlu (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) ( email )

PLantage Muidergracht 12
Amsterdam, 1018 TV
Netherlands

Joop Hartog

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Tinbergen Institute

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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