Trends in Poverty and Inequality in Seven African Countries

PEP working paper serie 2007-06

51 Pages Posted: 17 May 2018 Last revised: 12 Jul 2018

See all articles by Frikkie Booysen

Frikkie Booysen

Independent Author

Ronelle Burger

Stellenbosch University

Gideon du Rand

Stellenbosch University

Michael von Maltitz

University of the Free State

Servaas van der Berg

Stellenbosch University

Date Written: February 1, 2007

Abstract

This paper aims to analyse trends in poverty and inequality in seven African countries using an asset index constructed from comparable, nationally representative surveys using multiple correspondence analysis. Improvements in the asset index are largely driven by progress in the accumulation of private assets, while access to public services has deteriorated. Continued efforts at the expansion of access to public services such as waterborne sanitation and piped water, particularly in rural areas, are thus required. Overall poverty has declined in five of the seven countries. The trends in urban and rural poverty for the most part mirror these trends in overall poverty. Five of the seven countries experienced an improvement in overall inequality. Only in Zambia has overall inequality increased. Experiences in regards to trends in urban and rural inequality are mixed. These results, however, should be interpreted with caution, given the various conceptual and methodological limitations of the asset index approach to poverty analysis.

Keywords: poverty, inequality, asset index, multiple correspondence analysis, Africa

Suggested Citation

Booysen, Frikkie and Burger, Ronelle and du Rand, Gideon and von Maltitz, Michael and Van der Berg, Servaas, Trends in Poverty and Inequality in Seven African Countries (February 1, 2007). PEP working paper serie 2007-06. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3173170 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3173170

Frikkie Booysen (Contact Author)

Independent Author ( email )

No Address Available

Ronelle Burger

Stellenbosch University ( email )

Private Bag X1
Matieland, 7602
South Africa

Gideon Du Rand

Stellenbosch University ( email )

Private Bag X1
Stellenbosch, Western Cape 7602
South Africa

Michael Von Maltitz

University of the Free State ( email )

205 Nelson Mandela Drive
Park West
Bloemfontein, Free State 9300
South Africa

Servaas Van der Berg

Stellenbosch University ( email )

Private Bag X1
Stellenbosch, Western Cape 7602
South Africa

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