Activity Versus Outcome Maximization in Time Management

Malkoc, Selin A., and Gabriela N. Tonietto (2019), "Activity Versus Outcome Maximization in Time Management," Current Opinion in Psychology, April, Forthcoming

19 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2018  

Selin A. Malkoc

Fisher College of Business, The Ohio State University

Gabriela Tonietto

Rugers Business School

Date Written: May 1, 2018

Abstract

Feeling time-pressed has become ubiquitous. Time management strategies have emerged to help individuals fit in more of their desired and necessary activities. We provide a review of these strategies. In doing so, we distinguish between two, often competing, motives people have in managing their time: activity maximization and outcome maximization. The emerging literature points to an important dilemma: a given strategy that maximizes the number of activities might be detrimental to outcome maximization. We discuss such factors that might hinder performance in work tasks and enjoyment in leisure tasks. Finally, we provide theoretically grounded recommendations that can help balance these two important goals in time management.

Keywords: time management, planning, scheduling, time famine, well-being

JEL Classification: D90, D99, J22, M59, M31, E21

Suggested Citation

Malkoc, Selin A. and Tonietto, Gabriela, Activity Versus Outcome Maximization in Time Management (May 1, 2018). Malkoc, Selin A., and Gabriela N. Tonietto (2019), "Activity Versus Outcome Maximization in Time Management," Current Opinion in Psychology, April, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3173839

Selin A. Malkoc (Contact Author)

Fisher College of Business, The Ohio State University ( email )

2100 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210-1144
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://fisher.osu.edu/people/malkocgoodman.1

Gabriela Tonietto

Rugers Business School ( email )

The State University of New Jersey
1 Washington Park
Newark, NJ 07102-3122
United States

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