Studying Cognitive Cerebral Activity - Chapter 1: Motivation and Preliminaries (Introduction)
Studying Cognitive Cerebral Activity; Research on Artificial and Natural Intelligence, Jundiaí; Brasil, 2018.
20 Pages Posted: 16 May 2018
Date Written: May 6, 2018
This book intends to discuss the brain processing as carried out by a distributed set of agents, each one specialized in solving a specific task. Basically, these agents are the different types of neurons and glial cells distributed all over the brain. Chemical and electric transactions are carried out within and between theses cells, supporting both their functions as well as the process of communication that bind their activities into a coherent and intelligent processing. In this context, a large set of agents enroll themselves in the solution of the many different cognitive human tasks. What agents and how they cooperate and compete for task solution characterizes the brain as a Distributed Intelligent Processing System (DIPS). Graph and Formal Language theories are proposed as the analytical tools for describing and studying DIPS structure and communication, respectively.
In this book, the study of brain processing is discussed at four different levels of organization: the molecular, the cellular, the systemic and the global levels. At the molecular level, cerebral activity is discussed and formalized as a distributed set of chemical and/or ionic transactions, organized into Signal Transduction Pathways (STP) or oscillatory electric circuits (OEC) modeled as proposed by Hodgkin-Huxley. Different sets of STP and OECs cooperate and compete to organize neuronal and glial activity at the cellular level. The theory of Broad Scale Networks is used to formalize the cerebral processing at the systemic level. Finally, it is proposed that the description of the brain at the global level may be supported by the theory of Quantum Computing.
Keywords: Distributed Inteligent Processing System, Cortical Function, EEG, Entrainment, Brain Processing
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