Fragmented Laws, Contingent Choices: The Tragicomedy of the Village Commons in China

41 Pages Posted: 19 May 2018 Last revised: 23 Jul 2019

See all articles by Shitong Qiao

Shitong Qiao

The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Law

Date Written: May 7, 2018

Abstract

Defining the direct conflict between law and social norms as a tragedy and their reconciliation as a comedy, this paper serves as a case study of the mixture of tragedies and comedies of collective land governance in China. The term tragicomedy encapsulates such a mixture. This paper presents two contrasting cases of collective land governance: one village co-op is captured by a mafia and the consequent mafia-style land development business is maintained through violence and the bribing of government officials; the other village co-op from time to time takes actions “in the name of law” in their bargaining for legal property rights with the government and with a hold-out couple who refused to submit their “nailhouse” to the village co-op for redevelopment. This paper reveals that the different identities that village leaders simultaneously assume under different social control systems are key to understanding the co-evolution of property law and norms. It also highlights the essential roles of the laws and communities’ legal strategies in governing common-pool resources.

Keywords: Small Property; Social Norms; Commons; Co-Evolution; Collective Land Governance; Village Co-Op; Chinese Mafia; Land Assembly District; Shenzhen

JEL Classification: K11; K42

Suggested Citation

Qiao, Shitong, Fragmented Laws, Contingent Choices: The Tragicomedy of the Village Commons in China (May 7, 2018). Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, Vol. 29, 2019, 235-275; University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2018/028. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3174721

Shitong Qiao (Contact Author)

The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Law ( email )

Pokfulam Road
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
China

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.hku.hk/faculty/staff/shitong_qiao.php

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