Trading Stocks Increases Financial Literacy and Compresses the Confidence Gender Gap
47 Pages Posted: 22 May 2018 Last revised: 27 Feb 2019
Date Written: February 24, 2019
How can we help individuals handle financial decisions in an increasingly complex environment? We explore an easily scalable avenue for improving financial understanding: learning by online trading in stocks. We randomly assign 1345 adults incentives and opportunities to trade stocks for 4-7 weeks, with no additional educational content. The treatment significantly improves financial literacy and attenuates the gender gap in self-assessed financial knowledge. Treated individuals are more likely to subsequently invest in stocks and less likely to seek external advice. The effects strengthen for those exposed to index funds, foreign assets, and rising or more volatile asset prices.
Keywords: field experiment, financial literacy, stockmarket participation, gender gap, behavioral finance
JEL Classification: A2, G11, G41, J16, O16
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