Gender and Peer Effects on Performance in Social Networks

CRREP Working Paper Series 2018-03

44 Pages Posted: 20 May 2018 Last revised: 16 Jul 2018

See all articles by Julie Beugnot

Julie Beugnot

Université Laval

Bernard Fortin

Université Laval - Département d'Économique; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Guy Lacroix

Université Laval - Département d'Économique; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Marie Claire Villeval

Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), CNRS; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Global Labor Organization (GLO)

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 1, 2018

Abstract

We investigate whether peer effects at work differ by gender and whether gender differences in peer effects - if any - depend on work organization. We develop a social network model with gender heterogeneity that we test in a real-effort laboratory experiment. We compare sequential networks in which information flows from peers to the worker and simultaneous networks where it disseminates bi-directionally. We identify strong gender differences as females disregard their peers’ performance in simultaneous networks, while males are influenced by peers in both networks. Females may perceive the environment in simultaneous networks as being more competitive than in sequential networks.

Keywords: Gender, Peer Effects, Social Networks, Work Effort, Experiments

JEL Classification: C91, J16, J24, J31, M52

Suggested Citation

Beugnot, Julie and Fortin, Bernard and Lacroix, Guy and Villeval, Marie Claire, Gender and Peer Effects on Performance in Social Networks (March 1, 2018). CRREP Working Paper Series 2018-03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3175376 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3175376

Julie Beugnot (Contact Author)

Université Laval ( email )

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Bernard Fortin

Université Laval - Département d'Économique ( email )

2325 Rue de l'Université
Ste-Foy, Quebec G1K 7P4 G1K 7P4
Canada
418-656-5678 (Phone)
418-656-7798 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Germany

Guy Lacroix

Université Laval - Département d'Économique ( email )

2325 Rue de l'Université
Ste-Foy, Quebec G1K 7P4 G1K 7P4
Canada
418-656-2024 (Phone)
418-656-7798 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Marie Claire Villeval

Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), CNRS ( email )

93, chemin des Mouilles
Ecully, 69130
France
+33 472 86 60 79 (Phone)
+33 472 86 60 90 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.gate.cnrs.fr/equipe/perso/villeval/villeval.html

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Global Labor Organization (GLO) ( email )

Collogne
Germany

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