Transplanting Corporate Culture Across International Borders: Foreign Direct Investment and Female Employment in Japan
18 Pages Posted: 10 May 2018
Date Written: May 2018
This paper examines the effect of foreign ownership on gender‐related employment outcomes and work practices in Japan. The data indicate that the proportion of females among workers, managers, directors and board members is higher in foreign affiliates than in domestic firms of comparable size operating in the same industry. Foreign affiliates are also more likely to offer flexible working arrangements, telecommuting and childcare subsidies as well as employ foreign workers. These effects are visible almost exclusively in older affiliates. The analysis of foreign acquisitions combining propensity score matching with a difference in differences suggests that increase in the female labour share takes place a few years after the ownership change. All these patterns are in line with the view that it takes time to transplant corporate culture to an overseas affiliate.
Keywords: corporate culture, foreign direct investment, gender gap, MNEs
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation