Local Entrepreneurship Through a Multistakeholders’ Tourism Living Lab in the Post-Violence/Peripheral Era in the Basque Country
Regional Science, Policy & Practice, 10(2): 1-16. 2018. DOI: 10.1111/rsp3.12130
34 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2018 Last revised: 8 Aug 2018
Date Written: May 10, 2018
This paper examines a transformative tourism case study driven by local entrepreneurship in the coastal and post-violence/peripheral village of Zumaia, in the Basque Country (Spain). This paper aims at addressing an innovative methodology called ‘Tourism Living Lab through Multistakeholders’ Penta Helix framework’ in response to a globalised trend of increasing visitors. The result shows democratic tourism policy-making practices at the local level, including (i) a participatory strategic formulation process (ii) by fostering a local entrepreneurial ecosystem to overcome ‘tourism-phobia’ (iii) while renewing local identity (iv) through bridging social capital for a new post-violence era in the Basque Country.
Keywords: Local Entrepreneurship, Tourism, Living Labs, Basque Country, Penta Helix
JEL Classification: C9, C92, C93, D02, D78, O35, R58, Z32
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