Local Entrepreneurship Through a Multistakeholders’ Tourism Living Lab in the Post-Violence/Peripheral Era in the Basque Country

Regional Science, Policy & Practice, 10(2): 1-16. 2018. DOI: 10.1111/rsp3.12130

34 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2018 Last revised: 8 Aug 2018

See all articles by Igor Calzada

Igor Calzada

University of Oxford, Future of Cities Programme & Urban Transformations ESRC portfolio, COMPAS; European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre (JRC), Centre for Advanced Studies

Date Written: May 10, 2018

Abstract

This paper examines a transformative tourism case study driven by local entrepreneurship in the coastal and post-violence/peripheral village of Zumaia, in the Basque Country (Spain). This paper aims at addressing an innovative methodology called ‘Tourism Living Lab through Multistakeholders’ Penta Helix framework’ in response to a globalised trend of increasing visitors. The result shows democratic tourism policy-making practices at the local level, including (i) a participatory strategic formulation process (ii) by fostering a local entrepreneurial ecosystem to overcome ‘tourism-phobia’ (iii) while renewing local identity (iv) through bridging social capital for a new post-violence era in the Basque Country.

Keywords: Local Entrepreneurship, Tourism, Living Labs, Basque Country, Penta Helix

JEL Classification: C9, C92, C93, D02, D78, O35, R58, Z32

Suggested Citation

Calzada, Igor, Local Entrepreneurship Through a Multistakeholders’ Tourism Living Lab in the Post-Violence/Peripheral Era in the Basque Country (May 10, 2018). Regional Science, Policy & Practice, 10(2): 1-16. 2018. DOI: 10.1111/rsp3.12130, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3176619

Igor Calzada (Contact Author)

University of Oxford, Future of Cities Programme & Urban Transformations ESRC portfolio, COMPAS ( email )

58 Banbury Road
Oxford, OX2 6QS
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.igorcalzada.com

European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre (JRC), Centre for Advanced Studies ( email )

United Kingdom

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