Gender Specific Perspectives Among Smallholder Farm Households on Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus Issues in Ethiopia

ZEF - Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 258

36 Pages Posted: 30 May 2018

See all articles by Grace B. Villamor

Grace B. Villamor

University of Bonn

Dawit Diriba Guta

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF)

Utkur Djanibekov

Institute for Food and Resource Economics

Alisher Mirzabaev

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF)

Date Written: May 18, 2018

Abstract

The water-energy-food security nexus concept is a widely recognized analytical approach to consider and achieve sustainable development goals. However, the water-energy-food security nexus concept has mostly been analyzed at higher scales in a top-down manner, while examples of bottom-up and local scale applications remain limited. Breaching this gap, the research presented in this paper describes and assesses the water-energy-food nexus from a smallholder farm household perspective in the context of rural Ethiopia through a gender-specific lens. We adopted the “Actors, Resources, Dynamics and Interactions” participatory approach to co-develop a mental model of this nexus concept. Using this approach, we were able to examine the key elements and interlinkages among major nexus related resources that affect management according to gender. The results indicate that there are four aspects that differentiate between male and female farm household management with respect to the water-energy-food nexus. These differences include gender specific productive roles, perceptions of target resources, access to external actors, and decision making with respect to target resource management and utilization, which may affect the dynamics and governance of important components of the water-energy-food nexus.

Keywords: ARDI method, bottom-up approach, energy-food-land linkages, gender roles, intra-household heterogeneity, mental model

JEL Classification: Q

Suggested Citation

Villamor, Grace B. and Guta, Dawit Diriba and Djanibekov, Utkur and Mirzabaev, Alisher, Gender Specific Perspectives Among Smallholder Farm Households on Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus Issues in Ethiopia (May 18, 2018). ZEF - Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 258 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3180530 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3180530

Grace B. Villamor (Contact Author)

University of Bonn ( email )

Regina-Pacis-Weg 3
Postfach 2220
Bonn, D-53012
Germany

Dawit Diriba Guta

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF) ( email )

Walter-Flex-Str. 3
Bonn, NRW 53113
Germany

Utkur Djanibekov

Institute for Food and Resource Economics ( email )

D-53113 Bonn
Germany

Alisher Mirzabaev

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF) ( email )

Walter-Flex-Str. 3
Bonn, NRW 53113
Germany

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