The Causal Impact of Women's Age at Marriage on Domestic Violence in India

43 Pages Posted: 29 May 2018

See all articles by Gaurav Dhamija

Gaurav Dhamija

Shiv Nadar University

Punarjit Roychowdhury

Indian Institute of Management, Indore

Date Written: May 18, 2018

Abstract

Domestic violence affects one in three women in their lifetime. It remains a crucial problem with adverse health and economic consequences in both developed and developing countries. In this paper, we provide the first causal analysis of the impact of women's age at marriage on prevalence of domestic violence using newly available nationally representative household data from India. We use an empirical strategy that utilizes variation in age at menarche to obtain exogenous variation in women's age at marriage. We find robust evidence that a one-year delay in women’s marriage causes a significant decline in physical violence, although it has no impact on sexual or emotional violence. Our findings confirm the relevance of policies that seek to prevent child marriages or delay marriages of women in reducing the prevalence of domestic violence in a developing country.

Keywords: Age at Marriage, Domestic Violence, India, Instrumental Variables, Women

JEL Classification: J12, J16, O12, O15

Suggested Citation

Dhamija, Gaurav and Roychowdhury, Punarjit, The Causal Impact of Women's Age at Marriage on Domestic Violence in India (May 18, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3180601 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3180601

Gaurav Dhamija

Shiv Nadar University ( email )

NH-91, Village- Chithera, Tehsil-Dadri,
Dist. Gautam Buddha Nagar, UP
Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh
India

Punarjit Roychowdhury (Contact Author)

Indian Institute of Management, Indore ( email )

Prabandh Sikhar
Rau-Pithampur Road
Indore, Madhya Pradesh 453331
India

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