Presentation Slides for 'Investor Psychology and Security Market Under and Overreactions'

42 Pages Posted: 31 May 2018

See all articles by Kent D. Daniel

Kent D. Daniel

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

David A. Hirshleifer

University of California, Irvine - Paul Merage School of Business; NBER

Avanidhar Subrahmanyam

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Finance Area; Institute of Global Finance, UNSW Business School; Financial Research Network (FIRN)

Date Written: December 1998

Abstract

We propose a theory of securities market under- and overreactions based on two well-known psychological biases: investor overconfidence about the precision of private information; and biased self-attribution, which causes asymmetric shifts in investors' confidence as a function of their investment outcomes. We show that overconfidence implies negative long-lag autocorrelations, excess volatility, and, when managerial actions are correlated with stock mispricing, public-event-based return predictability. Biased self-attribution adds positive short-lag autocorrelations (momentum), short-run earnings drift, but negative correlation between future returns and long-term past stock market and accounting performance. The theory also offers several untested implications and implications for corporate financial policy.

Prepublication version available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2017

Keywords: investor psychology, overconfidence, behavioral finance, overreactions, underreactions, asset pricing, anomalies, return predictability

JEL Classification: D81, D82

Suggested Citation

Daniel, Kent D. and Hirshleifer, David A. and Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, Presentation Slides for 'Investor Psychology and Security Market Under and Overreactions' (December 1998). Journal of Finance, Vol. 53, No. 6, 1998. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3181607

Kent D. Daniel

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States
212-854-4679 (Phone)
212-854-4679 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://kentdaniel.net/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

David A. Hirshleifer (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine - Paul Merage School of Business ( email )

Irvine, CA California 92697-3125
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.uci.edu/dhirshle/

NBER ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Avanidhar Subrahmanyam

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Finance Area ( email )

Los Angeles, CA 90095-1481
United States
310-825-5355 (Phone)
310-206-5455 (Fax)

Institute of Global Finance, UNSW Business School

Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia

Financial Research Network (FIRN)

C/- University of Queensland Business School
St Lucia, 4071 Brisbane
Queensland
Australia

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