Regional Inequalities in Premature Mortality in Great Britain

PLOS One, 13 (2), 2018

26 Pages Posted: 6 Jun 2018

See all articles by Thomas Pluemper

Thomas Pluemper

Vienna University of Economics and Business - Department of Socioeconomics; University of Essex - Department of Government

Denise Laroze

University of Santiago, Chile - Centre for Experimental Social Sciences (CESS)

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Date Written: May 22, 2018

Abstract

Premature mortality exhibits strong spatial patterns in Great Britain. Local authorities that are located further North and West, that are more distant from its political centre London and that are more urban tend to have a higher premature mortality rate. Premature mortality also tends to cluster among geographically contiguous and proximate local authorities. We develop a novel analytical research design that relies on spatial pattern recognition to demonstrate that an empirical model that contains only socio-economic variables can eliminate these spatial patterns almost entirely. We demonstrate that socioeconomic factors across local authority districts explain 81 percent of variation in female and 86 percent of variation in male premature mortality in 2012-14. As our findings suggest, policy-makers cannot hope that health policies alone suffice to significantly reduce inequalities in health. Rather, it requires strong efforts to reduce the inequalities in socio-economic factors, or living conditions for short, in order to overcome the spatial disparities in health, of which premature mortality is a clear indication.

Keywords: Regional Inequality, Spatial Pattern Recognition, Premature Mortality, Health Inequalities

Suggested Citation

Plümper, Thomas and Laroze, Denise and Neumayer, Eric, Regional Inequalities in Premature Mortality in Great Britain (May 22, 2018). PLOS One, 13 (2), 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3183354

Thomas Plümper

Vienna University of Economics and Business - Department of Socioeconomics ( email )

Vienna
Austria

University of Essex - Department of Government ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.polsci.org/pluemper

Denise Laroze

University of Santiago, Chile - Centre for Experimental Social Sciences (CESS) ( email )

Concha y Toro 32C
Santiago
Chile

Eric Neumayer (Contact Author)

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 207 955 7598 (Phone)
+44 207 955 7412 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/neumayer

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