Piercing the Veil of Arbitration Reform in China: Promises, Pitfalls, Patterns, Prognoses, and Prospects
44 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2018
Date Written: 2017
The promulgation of the China Arbitration Law in 1994 largely reformed and gave shape to the modern Chinese arbitration regulatory framework. However, since then, there has been little legislative improvement in meeting the changing needs. Instead, judicial efforts by China’s Supreme People’s Court and institutional initiatives by Chinese arbitration commissions have further refined and internationalized the Chinese arbitration system. Recent years have witnessed many changes in the Chinese arbitration landscape, particularly the formation, expansion, and complication of the Chinese arbitration market. This Article first critically examines the current regulatory framework and special features of the Chinese arbitration system, many of which promised in the China Arbitration Law and often referred to as “arbitration with Chinese characteristics.” It then analyzes comprehensively arbitral developments of the past decade in order to pierce the veil of arbitration reform in China, highlighting the pitfalls, patterns, prognoses, and prospects. Finally, this Article identifies the “essential” and “highly recommended” ingredients in prospective reform proposals and examines the extent to which such proposals can actually transform China into a favorable international arbitration forum.
JEL Classification: K40, K49
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation