Capital Account Liberalization and Employment: Worldwide Firm-Level Evidence
44 Pages Posted: 24 May 2018
Date Written: May 23, 2018
How does capital account liberalization impact on firm employment? Using a firm level panel data set that covers over 60 countries between 1982 and 2014, we find a statistically significant effect of capital account liberalization on firm employment. The magnitude of the impact is economically significant. The casual effect is identified through a generalized triple differences identification strategy. We also show that there are substantial heterogeneous effects across countries and firms. The effect is more pronounced for firms in industries that depend more on external finance while weaker for firms in countries with stronger employment protection legislation. Financially constrained firms and younger firms respond more positively to liberalization. Overall, our firm-level evidence from around the world adds support to the benefits of globalization.
Keywords: Employment; capital account liberalization; external finance dependence; financial constraints; employment protection legislation
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