Energy and Fossil Fuels as a Topic of WTO Accession Protocols

M Bungenberg, M Krajewski, C Tams, JP Terhechte, AR Ziegler (eds), European Yearbook of International Economic Law (EYIEL) 2018 (Springer, Forthcoming)

TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2018-020

20 Pages Posted: 25 May 2018 Last revised: 15 Jun 2018

See all articles by Anna-Alexandra Marhold

Anna-Alexandra Marhold

Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Leiden Law School

Friedl Weiss

University of Vienna

Date Written: May 25, 2018

Abstract

This contribution seeks to analyse and compare WTO Accession Protocols, particularly the interpretations given relevant commitments made in them regarding energy and fossil fuels. After first providing an outline of the accession process and its importance for the natural resources and energy sector, the chapter proceeds with discussing relevant sections of Accession Protocols of major energy producing, exporting and/or transporting WTO Members that have joined the Organization since 1995. This exercise demonstrates that energy and fossil fuels have gradually developed as prominent topics in Members’ accession negotiations, resulting in an increasing amount of commitments on transit and export duties on raw materials and fossil fuels.

Keywords: WTO Law, Accession Protocols, Raw Materials, Energy, Fossil Fuels, Dual Pricing, Schedules, Transit

JEL Classification: F13; F18; F15; F53; F64; H23; H41; H71; K00; K19; K32; L78; L94; L98; O13; O44; Q01; Q27; Q4; Q42; Q

Suggested Citation

Marhold, Anna-Alexandra and Weiss, Friedl, Energy and Fossil Fuels as a Topic of WTO Accession Protocols (May 25, 2018). M Bungenberg, M Krajewski, C Tams, JP Terhechte, AR Ziegler (eds), European Yearbook of International Economic Law (EYIEL) 2018 (Springer, Forthcoming); TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2018-020. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3184803 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3184803

Anna-Alexandra Marhold (Contact Author)

Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Leiden Law School ( email )

Leiden University Law Faculty
P.O. Box 9520
Leiden, 2300 RA
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/staffmembers/anna-alexandra-marhold/publications#tab-1

Friedl Weiss

University of Vienna

Bruenner Strasse 72
Vienna, Vienna 1090
Austria

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