An Economic Appraisal of Ponzi Schemes and Living Standards in Nigeria: The Case of MMM, Ultimate-Cycler and Crowd-Rising in Calabar Metropolis

26 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2018

See all articles by Job Opue

Job Opue

University of Calabar (UNICAL) - Department of Economics

Ikpeme Winifred Ikpeme

University of Calabar (UNICAL) - Department of Economics

Bankoli Bankong

Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education - Department of Economics

Date Written: May 26, 2018

Abstract

This study examined the impact of Ponzi schemes such as MMM, Ultimate-cycler and Crowd-rising on the standard of living of the residents of Calabar Metropolis. This was achieved through the use of the survey research design. The study sampled 190 respondents using the stratified random sampling technique and the data was generated from a well structured questionnaire. The descriptive statistics as well as a multivariate regression technique was employed to analyze the data and the results revealed that investment in Ponzi schemes have positive and significant impacts on depreciation in income levels, poor access to quality housing and poor educational standards, and a positive but insignificant impact on poor access to quality health care within Calabar Metropolis. Based on the findings, it was recommended in 5.3 that Government should fast-track her empowerment programmes for the less privileged and above all, promulgate laws which are targeted at regulating the operations of Ponzi schemes to ensure the mitigation of their potential cost, given the high propensity of Nigerians to invest in them.

Keywords: Ponzi schemes, Living standards

JEL Classification: R11, I39

Suggested Citation

Opue, Job and Ikpeme, Ikpeme Winifred and Bankong, Bankoli, An Economic Appraisal of Ponzi Schemes and Living Standards in Nigeria: The Case of MMM, Ultimate-Cycler and Crowd-Rising in Calabar Metropolis (May 26, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3185149 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3185149

Job Opue (Contact Author)

University of Calabar (UNICAL) - Department of Economics ( email )

Calabar, Cross River State
Nigeria

Ikpeme Winifred Ikpeme

University of Calabar (UNICAL) - Department of Economics

Calabar, Cross River State
Nigeria

Bankoli Bankong

Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education - Department of Economics ( email )

Owerri
Nigeria

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