Women's Political Participation and Intrahousehold Empowerment: Evidence from the Egyptian Arab Spring

37 Pages Posted: 30 May 2018

See all articles by Olivier Bargain

Olivier Bargain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; University College Dublin (UCD)

Delphine Boutin

EDHEC Business School

Hugues Champeaux

Université d'Auvergne - Clermont 1 - Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Developpement International (CERDI)

Abstract

Egyptian women have played an unprecedented role in the Arab Spring democratic movement, possibly changing women's perception about their own rights and role. We question whether these events have translated into better outcomes within Egyptian households. We conjecture that potential changes must have been heterogeneous and depended on the local intensity of protests and women's participation over 2011-13. We exploit the geographical heterogeneity along these two margins to conduct a double difference analysis using data surrounding the period.We find a significant improvement in women's final say regarding decisions on health, socialization and household expenditure, as well as a decline in the acceptation of domestic violence and girls' circumcision, in the regions most affected by the protests. This effect is not due to particular regional patterns or pre-existing trends in empowerment. It is also robust to alternative treatment definitions and confirmed by triple difference estimations. We confront our main interpretation to alternative mechanisms that could have explained this effect.

Keywords: Arab Spring, revolutions, gender, empowerment, Egypt

JEL Classification: J12, J16, D74, I14

Suggested Citation

Bargain, Olivier and Boutin, Delphine and Champeaux, Hugues, Women's Political Participation and Intrahousehold Empowerment: Evidence from the Egyptian Arab Spring. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11534, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3185227

Olivier Bargain (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

University College Dublin (UCD) ( email )

Belfield, Dublin 4 4
Ireland
+353 1 716 8357 (Phone)
+353 1 283 0068 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucd.ie/economics/staff/obargain/obargain.htm

Delphine Boutin

EDHEC Business School ( email )

58 rue du Port
Lille, 59046
France

Hugues Champeaux

Université d'Auvergne - Clermont 1 - Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Developpement International (CERDI) ( email )

65 Boulevard Francois Mitterrand
63000 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 1
France

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