Exchange Rate Regimes and the International Transmission of Business Cycles: Capital Account Openness Matters
43 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2018
Date Written: May 27, 2018
We investigate the role of exchange rate regimes in the international transmission of business cycles during the global financial crisis. We find that exchange rate regimes alone did not account for differences in the international transmission of business cycles during the crisis. However, analysis considering capital account openness and countries with currencies pegged to the U.S. dollar indicates that exchange rate regimes play an important role in shaping business cycle co-movement: adopting a fixed regime with high capital account openness (additionally) increased business cycle co-movement with the United States during the crisis, whereas U.S. dollar peggers with relatively restrictive capital accounts during the crisis were not found to affect business cycle transmission.
Keywords: Exchange Rate Regime, Business Cycle Co-Movement, Capital Account Openness, Global Financial Crisis, Trilemma
JEL Classification: E32, E52, F31, F33, F44
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation