Guns, Environment, and Abortion: How Single-Minded Voters Shape Politicians' Decisions
57 Pages Posted: 30 May 2018
Date Written: April 09, 2018
We study how electoral incentives affect policy choices on secondary issues, which only minorities of voters care intensely about. We develop a model in which office and policy motivated politicians choose to support or oppose regulations on these issues. We derive conditions under which politicians flip-flop, voting according to their policy preferences at the beginning of their terms, but in line with the preferences of single-issue minorities as they approach re-election. To assess the evidence, we study U.S. senators’ votes on gun control, environment, and reproductive rights. In line with our model’s predictions, election proximity has a pro-gun effect on Democratic senators and a pro-environment effect on Republican senators. These effects only arise for non-retiring senators, who represent states where the single-issue minority is of intermediate size. Also in line with our theory, election proximity has no impact on senators’ decisions on reproductive rights, because of the presence of single-issue minorities on both sides.
Keywords: electoral incentives, environment, gun control, reproductive rights
JEL Classification: D720, I180, K380, Q000
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation