The Contribution of Trans-Governmental Networks of Regulators: To International Regulatory Co-Operation
47 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2018
Date Written: May 29, 2018
This is an analytical paper prepared for the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD). It will be published in 2018 as an OECD Regulatory Policy Working Paper. Trans-governmental networks (TGNs) have become among the most important international institutions in many areas of regulation and a major locus of regulatory co-operation. TGNs are more numerous than often recognized: we present information on 143 TGNs that focus on varied aspects of regulation (at least as many more operate in other areas). TGNs are also more diverse than often recognized. We divide them into two broad classes: “independent” TGNs are formed and managed by regulators alone; “sponsored” TGNs are created or sponsored by states or inter-governmental organizations, producing many different relationships. In addition, we document wide structural variations, e.g., in membership, organizational formality and complexity, and a wide range of regulatory activities, from information exchange to developing common standards to coordinating enforcement. We canvass the regulatory benefits and challenges of TGNs identified in the literature, and highlight procedures some TGNs have developed, e.g., stakeholder consultation procedures, to address major challenges.
Keywords: Trans-Governmental Networks, International Regulatory Cooperation, International Cooperation, International Institutions
JEL Classification: F53, F55, K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation