Druggability Simulations and X-ray Crystallography Reveal a Ligand-binding Site in the GluA3 AMPA Receptor N-terminal Domain
46 Pages Posted: 6 Jun 2018 Sneak Peek Status: PublishedMore...
Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) mediate the majority of excitatory neurotransmission. Their dysfunction is implicated in several neurological disorders, rendering iGluRs potential drug targets. Here, we performed a systematic analysis of the druggability of two major iGluR subfamilies, using molecular dynamics simulations in the presence of drug-like molecules. We demonstrate the applicability of druggability simulations by faithfully identifying known agonist and modulator sites on AMPA receptors (AMPARs) and NMDA receptors. Simulations produced the expected allosteric changes of the AMPAR ligand-binding domain in response to agonist. We also identified a novel ligand-binding site specific to the GluA3 AMPAR N-terminal domain (NTD), resulting from its unique conformational flexibility that we explored further with three new crystal structures trapped in vastly different states. In addition to providing novel insights into iGluR NTD dynamics, our approach identifies druggable sites and permits the determination of pharmacophoric features towards novel iGluR modulators.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation