Genome-Scale CRISPR Screening Identifies Novel Human Pluripotent Gene Networks
55 Pages Posted: 6 Jun 2018 Publication Status: Review CompleteMore...
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) generate a wide variety of disease-relevant cells that can be used to improve the translation of preclinical research. Despite the potential of hPSCs, their use for genetic screening has been limited because of technical challenges. We developed a renewable Cas9/sgRNA-hPSC library where loss-of-function mutations can be induced at will. Our inducible-mutant hPSC library can be used for an unlimited number of genome-wide screens. We screened for novel genes involved in 3 of the fundamental properties of hPSCs: Their ability to self-renew/survive, their capacity to differentiate into somatic cells, and their inability to survive as single-cell clones. We identified a plethora of novel genes with unidentified roles in hPSCs. These results are available as a resource for the community to increase the understanding of both human development and genetics. In the future, our stem cell library approach will be a powerful tool to identify disease-modifying genes.
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