Causes and Consequences of Increasing Herbicide Use in Mali

27 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2018

See all articles by Steven Haggblade

Steven Haggblade

Michigan State University

Melinda Smale

Michigan State University

Alpha Kergna

ETH Zürich - Institute of Rural Economy

Veronique Theriault

Michigan State University

Amidou Assima

Projet de Recherche sur Politique Securite´ Alimentaire au Mali (PRePoSAM)

Date Written: June 2017

Abstract

This paper examines the origins and impact of rapid recent growth of herbicide use in Mali. Primary data come from interviews with herbicide importers and distributors and from a 2014/2015 survey of farm households in Mali’s Sudanian Savanna zone. Results suggest that a series of major supply-side changes are driving growth in Mali’s herbicide markets, most conspicuously a proliferation in the number of sellers and herbicide brands marketed, a shift to low-cost suppliers in China and India, and consequently falling herbicide prices. At the farm level, herbicides cost on average 50 per cent less than hiring weeding labor. Despite low econometric estimates of damage abatement, herbicide adoption rates reach 25 per cent in remote rural zones and 75 per cent in more accessible rural areas. Key factors affecting adoption include spatial variation in herbicide prices and rural wage rates. At current levels, herbicide use reduces peak season rural labor demand by roughly 14 per cent.

Keywords: herbicides, damage abatement, employment, environment, Mali

Suggested Citation

Haggblade, Steven and Smale, Melinda and Kergna, Alpha and Theriault, Veronique and Assima, Amidou, Causes and Consequences of Increasing Herbicide Use in Mali (June 2017). The European Journal of Development Research, Vol. 29, Issue 3, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3189684 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41287-017-0087-2

Steven Haggblade (Contact Author)

Michigan State University ( email )

Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824-1122
United States

Melinda Smale

Michigan State University ( email )

MI
United States

Alpha Kergna

ETH Zürich - Institute of Rural Economy ( email )

Swiss-French Antenna
GR-Ecublens
1015 Lausanne, CH-1001
Switzerland

Veronique Theriault

Michigan State University ( email )

Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824-1122
United States

Amidou Assima

Projet de Recherche sur Politique Securite´ Alimentaire au Mali (PRePoSAM) ( email )

Bamako
Mali

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