Livestreaming Pollution: A New Form of Public Disclosure and a Catalyst for Citizen Engagement?

74 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2018

See all articles by Emiliano Huet-Vaughn

Emiliano Huet-Vaughn

UCLA

Nicholas Z. Muller

Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business

Yen-Chia Hsu

Carnegie Mellon University

Date Written: May 2018

Abstract

Most environmental policy assumes the form of standards and enforcement. Scarce public budgets motivate the use of disclosure laws. This study explores a new form of pollution disclosure: real-time visual evidence of emissions provided on a free, public website. The paper tests whether the disclosure of visual evidence of emissions affects the nature and frequency of phone calls to the local air quality regulator. First, we test whether the presence of the camera affects the frequency of calls to the local air quality regulator about the facility monitored by the camera. Second, we test the relationship between the camera being active and the number of complaints about facilities other than the plant recorded by the camera. Our empirical results suggest that the camera did not affect the frequency of calls to the regulator about the monitored facility. However, the count of complaints pertaining to another prominent industrial polluter in the area, steel manufacturing plants, is positively associated with the camera being active. We propose two behavioral reasons for this finding: the prior knowledge hypothesis and affect heuristics. This study argues that visual evidence is a feasible approach to environmental oversight even during periods with diminished regulatory capacity.

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Suggested Citation

Huet-Vaughn, Emiliano and Muller, Nicholas Z. and Hsu, Yen-Chia, Livestreaming Pollution: A New Form of Public Disclosure and a Catalyst for Citizen Engagement? (May 2018). NBER Working Paper No. w24664. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3189998

Emiliano Huet-Vaughn (Contact Author)

UCLA ( email )

4284 School of Public Affairs
Los Angeles, CA 90095
United States

Nicholas Z. Muller

Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business ( email )

5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
United States

Yen-Chia Hsu

Carnegie Mellon University

Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
United States

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