Why Are Older Women Missing in India? The Age Profile of Bargaining Power and Poverty
55 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2018
Date Written: October 1, 2017
Almost half of missing women in India are of post-reproductive ages. I show that intra-household gender inequality and gender asymmetry in poverty can account for a substantial fraction of these missing women. Using a natural experiment, I link women's intra-household bargaining power to their mortality risk. Using a structural model of households, I estimate the age profile of women's bargaining power and construct relative poverty rates for women. I find that bargaining power declines with age, and that women's relative poverty rates closely match their higher than expected mortality rates by age. This match is nearly exact at post-reproductive ages.
Keywords: Missing Women, Intra-Household Bargaining Power, Women's Health, Hindu Succession Act, Collective Model, Resource Shares, Poverty, Elderly
JEL Classification: D1, K36, I12, I31, I32, J12, J14, J16
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