Community Participation in World Heritage Site Conservation and Tourism Development

Tourism Management, 58, 142-153, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2016.10.016

37 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2018 Last revised: 22 Sep 2018

See all articles by S. Mostafa Rasoolimanesh

S. Mostafa Rasoolimanesh

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Housing, Building and Planning

Mastura Jaafar

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Housing, Building and Planning

A. Ghafar Ahmad

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - Universiti Sains Malaysia

Rabeeh Barghi

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Educational Studies

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

This study investigates the factors contributing to community participation in a World Heritage Site (WHS) using Motivation, Opportunity, and Ability (MOA) model.We examined the effects of these factors on three levels of community participation. The findings showed that motivation had the greatest positive effect on the low level of community participation. Opportunity had the greatest effect on the high level of community participation. Among the dimensions of ability, namely awareness and knowledge, the findings showed that more aware residents were more interested in low level of community participation, whereas residents with more knowledge were more interested in high level of community participation. This study contributes to the tourism development and WHS conservation and management literature by examining the effects of MOA factors on three levels of community participation. Moreover, this study has a number of practical implications for local authorities in terms of community participation.

Suggested Citation

Rasoolimanesh, S. Mostafa and Jaafar, Mastura and Ahmad, A. Ghafar and Barghi, Rabeeh, Community Participation in World Heritage Site Conservation and Tourism Development (2016). Tourism Management, 58, 142-153, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2016.10.016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3191808

S. Mostafa Rasoolimanesh (Contact Author)

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Housing, Building and Planning ( email )

No.1
Jalan Taylor's
Subang Jaya, Selangor 47500
Malaysia

Mastura Jaafar

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Housing, Building and Planning ( email )

Minden, Penang 11800
Malaysia

A. Ghafar Ahmad

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - Universiti Sains Malaysia ( email )

Minden, Penang 11800
Malaysia

Rabeeh Barghi

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Educational Studies ( email )

Penang, 11800
Malaysia

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