Sustainable Tourism Development and Residents’ Perceptions in World Heritage Site Destinations
Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22(1), 34-48, 2017, DOI: 10.1080/10941665.2016.1175491
36 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2018 Last revised: 22 Sep 2018
Date Written: 2017
Set in Malaysia’s Lenggong Valley World Heritage Site (WHS), this paper uses stakeholder theory to explore the heterogeneity of positive and negative perceptions among residents and their effects on residents’ support for and participation in sustainable tourism development. Data from 221 completed questionnaire surveys revealed heterogeneous negative perceptions across residents’ age, level of education and economic involvement in tourism. Moreover, residents’ positive perceptions had a positive effect on their support for and participation in tourism development. This study contributes to the resident perception literature by using stakeholder theory to conceptualise the heterogeneity of residents’ perceptions and by examining the effects of those perceptions on their support for and participation in tourism development in a rural WHS destination in the developing world. Furthermore, the findings of this study have practical implications for local authorities aiming to improve residents’ support and participation in tourism planning for sustaining tourism development.
Keywords: Residents’ perceptions; sustainable tourism; heterogeneity; stakeholder theory; World Heritage Site (WHS)
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