Effects of Motivation, Knowledge and Perceived Power on Residents’ Perceptions: Application of Weber's Theory in World Heritage Site Destinations
International Journal of Tourism Research. 19(1), 68-79, January/February 2017, DOI: 10.1002/jtr.2085
42 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2018 Last revised: 22 Sep 2018
Date Written: 2017
In light of Weber’s theory, this paper investigates the effects of residents’ motivation, perceived power, knowledge and economic gain on their perceptions toward tourism development. The data for this study was collected from urban residents of the George Town World Heritage Site (WHS), Malaysia. The results reveal positive effects for perceived power, knowledge and economic gain on residents’ positive perceptions. A negative effect for motivation and a positive effect for knowledge on residents’ negative perceptions was also observed. This study makes a significant contribution by using Weber’s theory and by having been conducted in an urban WHS context.
Keywords: Weber’s Theory; Substantive and Formal Rationality; Residents’ Perceptions; Urban Tourism; World Heritage Site (WHS)
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