Specifying and Assessing a Multidimensional Friendship Quality Construct

Thien, L. M., Shafaei, A., & Rasoolimanesh, S. M. (2018). Specifying and Assessing a Multidimensional Friendship Quality Construct. Child Indicators Research, 11(4), 1321-1336. DOI: 10.1007/s12187-017-9462-y

9 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2018 Last revised: 21 Sep 2018

See all articles by Lei Mee Thien

Lei Mee Thien

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Educational Studies

Azadeh Shafaei

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)

S. Mostafa Rasoolimanesh

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Housing, Building and Planning

Date Written: June 6, 2018

Abstract

This study aims to specify and assess friendship quality as a third-order formative construct and provide empirical support for its measurement model. This study employed a quantitative research approach using a survey questionnaire to collect data from 415 Malaysian secondary school students. Partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) approach using WarpPLS 5.0 software was utilised to analyse the data. The findings confirmed the convergent and discriminant validity of eight reflective first-order constructs establishing validity and reliability of five formative second-order constructs. The analysis of third-order formative friendship quality construct revealed that Variance Inflation Factor (VIF) was found lower than five and the outer weights were significant at the level of .05. This study extends the knowledge in friendship quality literature by proposing a third-order formative friendship quality construct including four formative second-order constructs. Moreover, applying new algorithms of PLS-SEM for assessing and establishing measurement model of the third order friendship quality construct offers methodological contribution of the study.

Keywords: Friendship Quality, Multidimensional Construct, Measurement Model Specification, Formative Measurement Model, Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling

Suggested Citation

Thien, Lei Mee and Shafaei, Azadeh and Rasoolimanesh, S. Mostafa, Specifying and Assessing a Multidimensional Friendship Quality Construct (June 6, 2018). Thien, L. M., Shafaei, A., & Rasoolimanesh, S. M. (2018). Specifying and Assessing a Multidimensional Friendship Quality Construct. Child Indicators Research, 11(4), 1321-1336. DOI: 10.1007/s12187-017-9462-y, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3192017 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3192017

Lei Mee Thien (Contact Author)

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Educational Studies ( email )

Penang, 11800
Malaysia

Azadeh Shafaei

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) ( email )

Jalan Sungai Dua
Minden, Penang 11800
Malaysia

S. Mostafa Rasoolimanesh

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - School of Housing, Building and Planning ( email )

No.1
Jalan Taylor's
Subang Jaya, Selangor 47500
Malaysia

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