Student Attitudes Toward Campus Diversity at the United States Naval Academy: Evidence from Conjoint Survey Experiments

Armed Forces & Society, forthcoming

68 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2018 Last revised: 1 May 2019

See all articles by John Polga-Hecimovich

John Polga-Hecimovich

United States Naval Academy - Department of Political Science

John M. Carey

Dartmouth College

Yusaku Horiuchi

Dartmouth College - Department of Government

Date Written: September 23, 2018

Abstract

Although the value of diversity — in terms of race, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status —to the U.S. military has been subject to debate, preferences for diversity at educational institutions for the military officers are rarely examined systematically. To address this, we investigate whether midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy favor prioritizing diversity in student admissions and faculty recruitment using conjoint analysis, a method suited for estimating attitudes on sensitive and politicized issues. The results show strong preferences in favor of applicants from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds and moderate but still positive preferences for members of traditionally underrepresented racial/ethnic groups in both admissions and faculty recruitment. Midshipmen’s preferences with respect to gender are, however, less straightforward. In particular, we find a strong negative preference against gender non-binary applicants and candidates. Our findings suggest that midshipmen’s attitudes reflect both resolved and unresolved debates that resonate throughout the armed forces.

Keywords: campus climate, diversity, inclusion, gender, faculty recruitment, student admissions, Naval Academy, service academies

JEL Classification: C91; I20; I23; I29

Suggested Citation

Polga-Hecimovich, John and Carey, John Michael and Horiuchi, Yusaku, Student Attitudes Toward Campus Diversity at the United States Naval Academy: Evidence from Conjoint Survey Experiments (September 23, 2018). Armed Forces & Society, forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3192090 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3192090

John Polga-Hecimovich

United States Naval Academy - Department of Political Science ( email )

Annapolis, MD
United States
410-293-2996 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.johnpolga.com

John Michael Carey

Dartmouth College ( email )

Department of Sociology
Hanover, NH 03755
United States
603 646 1130 (Phone)
603 646 2154 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~jcarey

Yusaku Horiuchi (Contact Author)

Dartmouth College - Department of Government ( email )

204 Silsby Hall
HB 6108
Hanover, NH 03755
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.dartmouth.edu/horiuchi/

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