Rural Unorganised Manufacturing Sector of Assam in the Post-Reforms Period
Productivity, Vol. 59, No. 3, 2018
12 Pages Posted: 24 Jun 2018
Date Written: November 27, 2017
The objective of the present paper has been to analyse the performance of the rural unorganised manufacturing sector in Assam in the post-reforms period. Using the National Sample Survey Organisation’s ‘quinquennial’ rounds on unorganised manufacturing sector for the years 1994-95, 2000-01, 2005-06 and 2010-11, we have analysed the growth performance and structural changes in the rural unorganised manufacturing sector in Assam in terms of number of enterprises, employment and output. The analysis showed that in the post-reforms period there has been a deceleration in the growth of output in Assam’s rural unorganised manufacturing sector, while the growth of enterprises and employment has been negative. Considerable structural change has been occurring within the rural unorganised manufacturing sector over the years; the share of OAMEs – the dominant segment of the rural sector – has been falling, while that of the establishments has been increasing. The establishments segment has been growing at a faster rate than the OAMEs. Employment elasticity in the overall rural unorganised sector and the OAMEs is found out to be negative, whereas that in the establishments segment has been relatively high. Labour productivity in the rural unorganised sector has been lower than the urban counterpart, but growth in labour productivity is found to be higher in the rural unorganised sector than the urban unorganised sector.
Keywords: Unorganised Manufacturing, Rural Industries, Employment Growth, Output Growth, Employment Elasticity, Growth of Labour Productivity, OAMEs, Establishments, Assam
JEL Classification: L26, L6
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