Wage Flexibility and Employment Fluctuations: Evidence from the Housing Sector

21 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2018

See all articles by Jörn‐Steffen Pischke

Jörn‐Steffen Pischke

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - London School of Economics

Date Written: July 2018

Abstract

Many economists suspect that downward nominal wage rigidities in ongoing labour contracts are an important source of employment fluctuations over the business cycle, but there is little direct empirical evidence on this conjecture. This paper compares three occupations in the housing sector with very different wage setting institutions: real estate agents, architects and construction workers. I study the wage and employment responses of these occupations to the housing cycle, a proxy for labour demand shocks to the industry. The employment of real estate agents, whose pay is far more flexible than the other occupations, indeed reacts less to the cycle than employment in the other occupations, although specific estimates are noisy. I show that the aggregate implications of the estimates depend also on the aggregate labour demand elasticity, which captures how easily laid off workers can find employment in alternative sectors.

Suggested Citation

Pischke, Jörn‐Steffen, Wage Flexibility and Employment Fluctuations: Evidence from the Housing Sector (July 2018). Economica, Vol. 85, Issue 339, pp. 407-427, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3192688 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecca.12263

Jörn‐Steffen Pischke (Contact Author)

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - London School of Economics

United Kingdom

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