Parameter Learning and Change Detection Using a Particle Filter With Accelerated Adaptation
37 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2018 Last revised: 13 Sep 2018
Date Written: June 8, 2018
This paper presents the construction of a particle filter, which incorporates elements inspired by genetic algorithms, in order to achieve accelerated adaptation of the estimated posterior distribution to changes in model parameters. Specifically, the filter is designed for the situation where the subsequent data in online sequential filtering does not match the model posterior filtered based on data up to a current point in time. The examples considered encompass parameter regime shifts and stochastic volatility. The filter adapts to regime shifts extremely rapidly and delivers a clear heuristic for distinguishing between regime shifts and stochastic volatility, even though the model dynamics assumed by the filter exhibit neither of those features.
Keywords: Particle Filter, Estimation, Sequential Monte Carlo, Sequential Bayesian Updating, Regime Shift, Stochastic Volatility
JEL Classification: G10, C11, C13, C32, C53, C58
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