Home Sweet Home: The Effect of Sugar Protectionism on Emigration in Italy, 1876-1913

49 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2018

See all articles by Carlo Ciccarelli

Carlo Ciccarelli

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics

Alberto Dalmazzo

University of Siena - Department of Economics

Daniela Vuri

University of Rome Tor Vergata; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Date Written: June 8, 2018

Abstract

Protectionist policies are often considered or even implemented as a reaction to increasing globalization. This is not new in history. This paper uses the introduction of import duties on sugar in the late nineteenth century Italy to measure the impact of protectionism on migration out flows at the time of the fi rst globalization. Both for climate reasons and the nature of the soil, the cultivation and processing of sugar beets was geographically concentrated in a small area, leading de facto to a regional protectionist policy. Our theoretical model illustrates how a tariff that favours local producers may affect residents' incentives to migrate abroad. The predictions of the model are tested with the synthetic control method which uses the variation in sugar cultivation across areas to estimate the effect of interest. Our results show that protectionism effectively reduced the relative incentive to migrate away from sugar-producing areas.

Keywords: protectionism, regional economics, migrations, 19th century Italy

JEL Classification: N93, J4, C23

Suggested Citation

Ciccarelli, Carlo and Dalmazzo, Alberto and Vuri, Daniela, Home Sweet Home: The Effect of Sugar Protectionism on Emigration in Italy, 1876-1913 (June 8, 2018). CEIS Working Paper No. 437. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3192967 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3192967

Carlo Ciccarelli (Contact Author)

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via Columbia n.2
Rome, rome 00100
Italy

Alberto Dalmazzo

University of Siena - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza S. Francesco, 7
Siena, I-53100
Italy
+39 0577 232 697 (Phone)

Daniela Vuri

University of Rome Tor Vergata ( email )

Via di Tor Vergata
Rome, Lazio 00133
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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