Posted: 3 Sep 2002
In the past two decades, academics and practitioners have attempted to improve understanding of environmental management by classifying companies' environmental behaviour, and evaluating their performance. Driven by both research and societal interest, this has resulted in a wave of stage or phase models, and a range of typologies. This article gives an overview of the development of such environmental management models, analysing their characteristics, strengths and weaknesses. An evolution can be noted in the direction of typologies and non-linear models to deal with organisational and strategic complexities. Models are starting to pay more attention to the management side. To overcome problems of operationalisation and limited company- and sector-specificity, environmental performance evaluation systems have emerged more recently. Although comprehensive performance assessments are still unavailable, the tenets of such a system can already be delineated. The paper presents these components, and draws conclusions on the contribution of environmental management models and performance evaluation systems.
Keywords: Environmental management, environmental performance, performance measurement, performance evaluation
JEL Classification: L2, L15, M1, M4, Q01, Q2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Kolk, Ans and Mauser, Anniek, The Evolution of Environmental Management: From Stage Models to Performance Evaluation. Business Strategy and the Environment, Vol. 11, pp. 14-31. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=319362