Optimizing Plastic Waste into Bio Crude Fuel Oil using Pyrolysis Induction Thermal System for Energy Security in Indonesia through Analysis of R&D Efficiency: DEA Approach
7 Pages Posted: 20 Jun 2018 Last revised: 13 Jul 2018
Date Written: May 27, 2018
Indonesia is still far from having an ideal future energy security, which is indicated by energy inefficiency. In fact, the dependency on fossil energy became a barrier to optimize the energy sector. Therefore, to achieve energy security, Indonesia should manage its energy resources strategically. As a solution, it can be solved by utilizing plastic waste as a source of alternative fuel (pyrognate) through pyrolysis treatment. Since plastics synthesized from non-renewable sources, they contributed to great environmental problems. The last research of plastic waste into fuel using element systems which had not reached the optimum temperature for cracking, could not produce more optimal component of distillation fraction, also the electrical power consumption was higher. The approach of this research used mix method analysis to measure the utilization of the plastic waste into fuel oil pyrolysis with the design of a cracking reactor prototype using induction heating technology. The LDPE which has been used in this paper is 0.5 kg, also the reactor which used is made by a stainless steel cylindrical reactor with the diameter of 3.5 inches and the height of 20 cm. It is acceptable because induction heating coils are simple installed at the periphery of the reactor body, the reactor body is heated by the direct induced heat. Subsequently, it heats up the plastic waste very fast at high pyrolysis temperature (400-500ºC) and that is easily controlled to increase more fuel oil pyrolysis products (gasoline, kerosene and solar fraction) in a shorter time. Furthermore, the R&D efficiency results showed that the up and down pattern used in its score. It shows in the increasing of R&D efficiency start from 2009 with 0.891 and ended in escalated point with 1.00 efficiency score in 2016. The result showed that it has high energy efficiency due to fast start-up in the process causing low equipment cost (affordability), precision, and repeatability. With the right resolve, Indonesia will emerge to be stronger and more defensible in the realm of energy.
Keywords: DEA, energy security; fuel; induction heating; plastic waste
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