Quantile Spectral Beta: A Tale of Tail Risks, Investment Horizons, and Asset Prices
55 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2018 Last revised: 10 Dec 2021
Date Written: June 15, 2018
This paper investigates how two important sources of risk -- market tail risk and extreme market volatility risk -- are priced into the cross-section of asset returns across various investment horizons. To identify such risks, we propose a quantile spectral beta representation of risk based on the decomposition of covariance between indicator functions that capture fluctuations over various frequencies. We study the asymptotic behavior of the proposed estimators of such risk. Empirically, we find that tail risk is a short-term phenomenon, whereas extreme volatility risk is priced by investors in the long term when pricing a cross-section of individual stocks. In addition, we study popular industry, size and value, profit, investment or book-to-market portfolios, as well as portfolios constructed from various asset classes, portfolios sorted on cash flow duration and other strategies. These results reveal that tail-dependent and horizon-specific risks are priced heterogeneously across datasets and are important sources of risk for investors.
Keywords: Cross-sectional return variation, downside risk, tail risk, frequency, spectral risk, investment horizons
JEL Classification: C21, C58, G12
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