Neighborhood Interventions to Reduce Violence

Posted: 18 Jun 2018

See all articles by Michelle Kondo

Michelle Kondo

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Elena Andreyeva

University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School

Eugenia C. South

University of Pennsylvania - Perelman School of Medicine

John MacDonald

University of Pennsylvania

Charles C. Branas

University of Pennsylvania - Perelman School of Medicine

Date Written: April 2018

Abstract

Violence is a widespread problem that affects the physical, mental, and social health of individuals and communities. Violence comes with an immense economic cost to its victims and society at large. Although violence interventions have traditionally targeted individuals, changes to the built environment in places where violence occurs show promise as practical, sustainable, and high-impact preventive measures. This review examines studies that use quasi-experimental or experimental designs to compare violence outcomes for treatment and control groups before and after a change is implemented in the built environment. The most consistent evidence exists in the realm of housing and blight remediation of buildings and land. Some evidence suggests that reducing alcohol availability, improving street connectivity, and providing green housing environments can reduce violent crimes. Finally, studies suggest that neither transit changes nor school openings affect community violence.

Suggested Citation

Kondo, Michelle and Andreyeva, Elena and South, Eugenia C. and MacDonald, John and Branas, Charles C., Neighborhood Interventions to Reduce Violence (April 2018). Annual Review of Public Health, Vol. 39, pp. 253-271, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3197564 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040617-014600

Michelle Kondo (Contact Author)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) ( email )

1301 New York Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20250
United States

Elena Andreyeva

University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School ( email )

3641 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6365
United States

Eugenia C. South

University of Pennsylvania - Perelman School of Medicine

423 Guardian Drive
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

John MacDonald

University of Pennsylvania ( email )

483 McNeil Building
3718 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
215-646-3623 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.crim.upenn.edu/faculty_macdonald.htm

Charles C. Branas

University of Pennsylvania - Perelman School of Medicine ( email )

423 Guardian Drive
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

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