Performance Analysis of a Steam Power Plant Operating Under Superheated and Isentropic Conditions
Equatorial Journal of Engineering (2018) 22-28
7 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2018
Date Written: June 17, 2018
Quality and sufficient power distribution at the present is a major challenge in many cities and industrial locations in most developing countries, like Nigeria. This is as a result of many factors which include inadequate generation and obsolete equipment. This research work entitled Performance Analysis of a Steam Power Plant Operating under Superheated and Isentropic Conditions, was undertaken to evaluate the variables that will bring about the efficient running of a typical steam power plant. With a turbine pressures of 20 bar and 2 bar, the analysis yielded a specific work output of 854.65 kJ/Kg; and plant thermal efficiency of 26.08 %. The rate of heat loss by the condenser approximates to 4114.55 J/s; and the rate of heat generation by the boiler equals 5027.74 J/s. The condition of steam at points 4 and 6s is wet, but superheated at points 3 and 5. Optimizing the values of enthalpies at points 3 and 5, will improve the thermal efficiency of the plant. These factors, if augmented, will heighten the power output capacity of any steam thermal system.
Keywords: Steam Power Plant, Feed Water Temperature, Isentropic Efficiency, Performance Analysis, Rankine Cycle with Superheat and Reheating
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation