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Language and Domain Aware Lightweight Ontology Matching

25 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2018 First Look: Accepted

See all articles by Gabor Bella

Gabor Bella

University of Trento - Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science (DISI)

Fausto Giunchiglia

University of Trento - Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science (DISI)

Fiona McNeill

Heriot-Watt University

Abstract

Concepts and relations in ontologies and in other knowledge organisation systems are usually annotated with natural language labels. Most ontology matchers rely on such labels in element-level matching techniques. State-of-the-art approaches, however, tend to make implicit assumptions about the language used in labels (usually English) and are either domain-agnostic or are built for a specic domain. When faced with labels in dierent languages, most approaches resort to general-purpose machine translation services to reduce the problem to monolingual English-only matching. We investigate a thoroughly dierent and highly extensible solution based on semantic matching where labels are parsed by multilingual natural language processing and then matched using language-independent and domain-aware background knowledge acting as an interlingua. The method is implemented in NuSM, the language and domain aware evolution of the SMATCH semantic matcher, and is evaluated against a translation-based approach. We also design and evaluate a fusion matcher that combines the outputs of the two techniques in order to boost precision or recall beyond the results produced by either technique alone.

Suggested Citation

Bella, Gabor and Giunchiglia, Fausto and McNeill, Fiona, Language and Domain Aware Lightweight Ontology Matching (2017). Journal of Web Semantics First Look. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3199131 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3199131

Gabor Bella (Contact Author)

University of Trento - Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science (DISI) ( email )

Via Giuseppe Verdi 26
Trento
Italy

Fausto Giunchiglia

University of Trento - Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science (DISI)

Via Giuseppe Verdi 26
Trento
Italy

Fiona McNeill

Heriot-Watt University

Riccarton
Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland EH14 1AS
United Kingdom

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