Gender Effects in Dictator Game Giving: Women Favour Female Recipients

16 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2018

See all articles by Maximilian Baltrusch

Maximilian Baltrusch

University of Rostock

Philipp C. Wichardt

University of Rostock - Department of Economics

Date Written: May 08, 2018

Abstract

Allowing for a free choice of the recipient’s gender in a dictator game (N = 508), we find that women show a substantial gender biased towards females. Adding a charity recipient to the possible choices, the charity becomes the primary recipient and overall transfers increase. Yet, conditioning on transfers to fellow students the gender bias of women remains. Moreover, we find that women tend more towards giving half the endowment while men tend more towards “all or nothing.” The literature on cognitive dissonance (the feeling of distress once we act against our internalised values) emphasises the importance of voluntary choice for dissonance effects to take hold. Accordingly, we interpret our results as hinting at an important detail regarding the ongoing debate about gender differences in altruistic giving: primary differences may not be found in the amount of transfers made but rather in the choice of the beneficiary’s gender.

Keywords: dictator game, gender differences, voluntary choice, charitable giving

Suggested Citation

Baltrusch, Maximilian and Wichardt, Philipp C., Gender Effects in Dictator Game Giving: Women Favour Female Recipients (May 08, 2018). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 7022. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3200284

Maximilian Baltrusch (Contact Author)

University of Rostock ( email )

Postfach 10 08 88
Rostock, 18055
Germany

Philipp C. Wichardt

University of Rostock - Department of Economics ( email )

Ulmenstr. 69
Rostock, 18057
Germany

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