Effectiveness of Virtual Reality for People with Autism
6 Pages Posted: 31 Jul 2018
Date Written: May 25, 2018
Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by limited social interaction, communication, and behavior that last a lifetime. More than 70% of individuals with autism have concurrent medical (e.g. epilepsy), developmental (e.g. intellectual disability), or psychiatric conditions (e.g. anxiety and depression). Health program that emphasizes intervention in knowledge, understanding and behavior are very important in people with autism. In the last decade the use of Virtual Reality (VR) in medicine is commonly used as a medium for medical treatment, disease prevention, rehabilitation, health education, reduce anxiety and fear in medical care. VR can improve the cognitive domain, affective, social learning, problem solving, decision making, and affect mental health and social support of people with autism. Internet based 3D VR has been adopted as an emerging learning platform to support social-interaction-oriented learning activities. The purpose of this study was to gather information about the effectiveness of virtual reality for people with autism. Database on PubMed, EBSCOhost, and SAGE Journal searched using the keywords virtual reality combined with autism and oral health have been published not less than 10 years. Obtained 11 journals related to both the title and abstract. Virtual reality can affect the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of autism thus the use of virtual reality can be an effective media of treatment for people with autism.
Keywords: Autism; autism spectrum disorder, virtual reality
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