The Cuban Revolution and Infant Mortality, 1959-1974
14 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2018
Date Written: June 22, 2018
The Cuban government often vaunts its accomplishment of reducing infant mortality post 1959. However, because many Latin American countries experienced similar decreases, it is unclear that this effect is government induced. We use the fact that Cuba underwent momentous and unique political change to consider the legacy of the Fidel Castro regime on infant mortality. We employ a synthetic control method to ascertain the reduction attributable to the regime. We find that in the first years of the regime, infant mortality increased relative to the counterfactual but that - after the introduction of Soviet foreign aid - infant mortality reverted to trend.
Keywords: Infant Mortality, Cuba, Castro Regime, Health Economics
JEL Classification: H51, I10, I18, N36
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation