The Role of Mayors and Barangay Captains in the Philippines' Anti-Drugs Campaign

ASOG WORKING PAPER 18-002

27 Pages Posted: 2 Jul 2018

See all articles by Ronald U. Mendoza

Ronald U. Mendoza

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Michael Henry Yusingco

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Jayvy Gamboa

Ateneo School of Government

Date Written: June 24, 2018

Abstract

This research attempts to examine the legal mandate of Philippine local government officials, mayors and barangay captains, within the national government’s anti-illegal drug campaign, notably the police-led Project Double Barrel and Oplan Tokhang. To determine their duties, the General Welfare Clause from the Local Government Code of 1991 and the issuances from the Department of the Interior and Local Government on organizing Anti-Drug Abuse Councils (ADACs) in the barangay level are examined, among others. A geographical mapping of the drug-related killings in the barangay and district levels of Quezon City and City of Manila potentially illustrates the extent that the local officials may have perpetrated – or resisted – the punitive approach of the police. The research offers a counter-narrative, asking pointed questions on whether and to what extent the local officials, in reality, committed gross negligence and dereliction of duty by allowing a high death toll in their jurisdictions; thus threatening the security, safety, and human rights of their constituents.

Keywords: Oplan Tokhang, Anti-Drugs Campaign, 1991 Local Government Code of the Philippines

Suggested Citation

Mendoza, Ronald U. and Yusingco, Michael Henry and Gamboa, Jayvy, The Role of Mayors and Barangay Captains in the Philippines' Anti-Drugs Campaign (June 24, 2018). ASOG WORKING PAPER 18-002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3201786 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3201786

Ronald U. Mendoza (Contact Author)

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Katipunan Road
Loyola Heights
Quezon City, 1108
Philippines

Michael Henry Yusingco

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Pacifico Ortiz Hall, Fr. Arrupe Road
Social Development Complex, Loyola Heights
Quezon City, Manila 1108
Philippines

Jayvy Gamboa

Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Pacifico Ortiz Hall, Fr. Arrupe Road
Social Development Complex, Loyola Heights
Quezon City, Manila 1108
Philippines

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