Is it Better to Be a Boy? A Disaggregated Outlay Equivalent Analysis of Gender Bias in Papua New Guinea
UC Davis Working Paper No. 00-023
30 Pages Posted: 15 Aug 2002
Date Written: December 2000
Discrimination in the allocation of goods between boys and girls within households in Papua New Guinea is examined using Deaton's (1989) outlay-equivalent ratio method. Adding a boy to the household reduces expenditure on adult goods by as much as would a nine-tenths reduction in total outlay per member, but girls have no effect on adult goods expenditure. The hypothesis of Haddad and Reardon (1993) that gender bias is inversely related to the importance of female labour in agricultural production is not supported. There is no evidence of bias against girls in the urban sector.
Keywords: Boy-girl discrimination, Gender bias, Outlay-equivalent analysis
JEL Classification: D12, J16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation