Killing Social Leaders for Territorial Control: The Unintended Consequences of Peace

44 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2018 Last revised: 11 Dec 2018

See all articles by Mounu Prem

Mounu Prem

Universidad del Rosario

Andrés Rivera

Universidad del Rosario

Dario Romero

Columbia University

Juan F. Vargas

Universidad del Rosario

Date Written: December 10, 2018

Abstract

Incomplete peace agreements may inadvertently increase insecurity if they trigger violent territorial contestation. We study the unintended consequences of the Colombian peace process and find that the permanent ceasefire declared by the FARC insurgency during peace negotiations with the government triggered a surge in the targeting of local community leaders. Leaders were killed by armed groups excluded from the peace process to thwart collective action and civilian mobilization, thus consolidating their dominance in formerly FARC-controlled areas. These results are exacerbated in places with judicial inefficiency and where peasants dispossessed during the conflict have started administrative process to reclaim their land.

Keywords: Social Leaders, Peace Process, Armed Conflict, Territorial Control

JEL Classification: D72, D74

Suggested Citation

Prem, Mounu and Rivera, Andrés and Romero, Dario and Vargas, Juan F., Killing Social Leaders for Territorial Control: The Unintended Consequences of Peace (December 10, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3203065 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3203065

Mounu Prem (Contact Author)

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Casa Pedro Fermín
Calle 14 # 4-69
Bogota
Colombia

Andrés Rivera

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Calle 12 No. 6-25
Bogota, DC
Colombia

Dario Romero

Columbia University ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Juan F. Vargas

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Calle 12 No. 6-25
Bogota, DC
Colombia

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